Receipt of Mission. Operational staffs heavily depend on IPB products prepared during the analysis of the adversary situation and the evaluation of the battlepace's effects in order to forumlate initial friendly force dispositions and schemes of maneuver. During planning, staff members monitor, track, and aggressively seek information important to their functional areas. Term. . During COA comparison and decision, the commander evaluates each friendly COA against established criteria, compares them with each other, and selects the COA he believes will best accomplish the mission Discuss the Marine Corps Planning Process (MCPP). . 6. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY Headquarters United States Marine Corps Washington, D.C. 20308-1775 24 August 2010 FOREWORD Marine Corps Warfighting Publication (MCWP) 5-1, Marine Corps Planning Process . Their goal is to satisfy their commander's desires, as expressed in the Commander's Intent. A common technique is the decision matrix. During orders development, the staff uses the Commander's COA decision, mission statement, and Commander's intent and guidance to develop orders that direct unit actions. Participation by the commander during the COA analysis process can prevent the need for a decision brief later (saving time). Reject all COAs -the staff must begin COA development again. THE COA CRITERIA The main idea behind COA development is that planners will develop multiple COAs by combining different elements of operational art, such as line of effort, basing, and tempo. Finally, we initiate implementation of our problem-solving plan during transition by ensuring that everyone understands the order. STEP6-COURSE OF ACTIONAPPROVAL After the decision briefing, the commander selects the COA to best accomplish the mission. They assess how COA comparison To identify the strengths and weaknesses of COAs, enable selecting a COA with the highest probability of success, and further developing it in an OPLAN or OPORD. There are several courses of action (CoA): CoA 1: Maintain the current selection process for squadron commanders. However, the commander can approve or reject all the COAs. - Planning Initiation; Mission Analysis; Course of Action Development; COA Analysis and Wargaming; COA Comparison; COA Approval; and Plan or Order Development. Goal is to achieve understanding through critical thinking and dialogue 1. Figure 3. Select the event(s) to be COA Wargamed. coordinate planning activities and aid the commander's decision making process -Facilitates unity of effort across the warfighting functions and echelons of command -Supports mission accomplishment on a Marine, Joint, or Coalition staff Any reserve unit with a staff involved in planning is a potential recipient of this training 2 By. Welcome to Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) Step 3 COA Development. The MDMP facilitates collaborative planning. Feedback COA comparison should also address aspects of risk of each COA, as well as ways to mitigate therisks. Center: CoA 2: one up, two back, battalion air . Plan. to gain an enhanced understanding of the environment and the nature of the problem . The outline of MDMP (Military Decision making Proces) is below: 1). Describe the current and desired states of the operating environment 3. Be able to . COA Comparison and Decision During COA comparison and decision, the commander reviews the pros and cons of the option (s) and decides how he will accomplish the mission, either by approving a COA as formulated or by assimilating what has been learned into a new COA that may need to be further developed and wargamed. Using the results of wargaming associated with the COA, the staff prpared OPORDs that implement the commander's decision. During course of action (COA) development, planners use the mission statement, commander's . "The first step of the MDMP is to receive the mission from higher headquarters, usually in the form of a written order" (An artillerization of the military decision making process (MDMP),show more content. The Seven Steps of the MDMP Receipt of Mission Mission Analysis Course of Action Development Course of Action Analysis (War-Game) Course of Action Comparison Course of Action Approval Orders Production. As part of COA analysis and comparison, or immediately after, the staff generally starts the targeting process with a targeting conference. According to FM 6-0, During Step 6 of the MDMP (COA Approval) after evaluating products from the decision briefing, the Commander selects the COA to best accomplish the mission. COA comparison facilitates the commander's decision-making process by balancing the ends,means,ways, and risk of each COA. The S3 briefs the results of COA Analysis and Comparison to the commander. COA Comparison provides the commander with an understanding of the relative merit of each COA. The analysis of the COAs provides the Commander with precious information to evaluate the quality of these COAs. Describe the current and desired states of the operating environment 3. Four Step Process - Select governing factors, construct comparison method, compare and record, make recommendation Task Steps Determine the Governing Factors Construct the Comparison Method Do the Comparison and Record Data Recommend a COA to the Commander Governing Factors The military decision-making process (MDMP) is an iterative planning methodology that integrates the activities of the commander, staff, subordinate headquarters, and other partners to understand the situation and mission, develop and compare courses of action (COA), decide on a COA that best accomplishes the mission, and produce an operation plan or order for execution.

. STEP 4 Identify the critical events and the information required by the commander to make decisions, for each course of action. In the area of Modeling and Simulations for Wargaming and Exercise Support, Intelligence Preparation of the Battlespace (IPB) is a flexible process that assists commanders and their staffs in planning and executing campaigns . what step of the planning process requires the commanders involvement . Course of Action (COA) Comparison and Decision: During COA comparison and decision, the commander reviews the pros and cons of the option(s) and decides how he will accomplish the mission, either by approving a COA as formulated or by assimilating what has been learned into a new COA that may need to be further developed and wargamed. Course of Action (COA) Comparison and Decision: During COA comparison and decision, the commander reviews the pros and cons of the option(s) and decides how he will accomplish the mission, either by approving a COA as formulated or by assimilating what has been learned into a new COA that may need to be further developed and wargamed. Step 5: COA Comparison . Upon COA selection, the S3 publishes another WARNO with all available information, permitting subordinate units to refine planning. Three methods to buy back time during MDMP are: "fighting products," good commander's guidance, and efficient wargaming. It provides a structure for the staff to work collectively and produce a coordinated plan. Military Decision Making Process Input Output Receipt of Mission Commander's initial guidance WARNO to staff . The complete process is based on developing different COAs using various criteria (such as maneuver, firepow- COA Comparison & Decision Mission Analysis Execution Outputs of Mission Analysis: Mission statement Commander's intent Commander's Planning Guidance * Commander's Critical Information Requirements Warning Order Updated Initial staff estimates * Governing Factors should have been developed. The collection manager writes a draft intelligence requirement supporting the commander's decision about diverting the attack helicopters to read: "Will the enemy commit more than one regiment to AA . Critical events are essential tasks within the course of action that .

Course of Action (COA .

staffs may also find wargaming useful during JPPA, since air, space, and cyberspace forces may face substantially different obstacles than other elements of the joint force. A more objective and thorough approach may enhance the Air Force's commander selection process, thereby increasing the quality of selected applicants and their ability to be effective Air Force leaders. DESIGN Goal is to achieve understanding through critical thinking and dialogue 1. The Joint Operational Planning Process, which is used during deliberate planning to produce both contingency and campaign plans, is comprised of the following steps: Definition. The _____ involves attaining a clear understanding of the CCDR's strategic objectives, and it is the most important step in the JOPP for the Joint Force Commander. The application of operational design as explained in Chapter IV of JP 5-0 provides the conceptual basis for structuring campaigns and operations. iii JP 5-0 SUMMARY OF CHANGES REVISION OF JOINT PUBLICATION 5-0 DATED 16 JUNE 2017 Reorganizes to clarify the joint planning process and operational design: Separates the planning process (Chapter III, "Joint Planning Process") from operational design (Chapter IV, "Operational Design"). Intelligence in Step 7 Step 6: COA Approval . COA COMPARISON COA comparison is a process where wargamed COAs are evaluated and compared against a set of criteria established by the staff and commander. . Step 3: course of action (COA) development. It is described in terms of: Commander's Intent Commander's Critical Information Requirements Battlespace Centers of Gravity The Commander uses CBAE to assess, develop, and communicate knowledge to his staff METT-T is one filter used to assist CBAE development, but other filters will assist in more complete analysis . locations which may occur during the implementation of a CoA C3: Covering Enemy's CoA the ability of a . The commander's Evaluation Criteria addresses specific issues and/or questions the commander wants the staff to determine on each COA during Comparison and Decision COA Development and Analysis Mission Analysis Restated Mission Commander's Guidance InformationtoStaff} . Commander's Orientation 2. what 2 required inputs for coa comparison and decision to begin? The Seven Steps of the MDMP Receipt of Mission Mission Analysis Course of Action Development Course of Action Analysis (War-Game) Course of Action Comparison Course of Action Approval Orders Production. The first task is to identify the event(s) to be COA Wargamed, based on what the commander wishes to achieve in the time available. FM 6-0, C1 Change No. The commander's final decision opens the orders production phase, where the staff produces the operation plans and orders. The higher headquarters solicits input and continuously shares information concerning future operations . 2). 13 Elements of commander's guidance Specify COAs, friendly & enemy, and the priority for addressing them The CCIR Reconnaissance guidance Risk guidance Deception guidance Fire support guidance Mobility & countermobility guidance Security measures to be implemented Additional specific priorities for CS and CSS These schematics are adapted from rough-cut CoAs developed during a 1st Armored Division command-post exercise in Summer 2018. In current military planning, COA creation is performed by seasoned staff members with excellent backgrounds and knowledge of policy, capabilities, and the existing battlespace conditions. These evaluation criteria help focus the wargaming effort and provide the framework for data collection by the staff. The staff uses various time and distance factors to estimate where the forward line of own troops (FLOT) or a portion of the FLOT will be when the commander must make a decision. This is a command decision; the commander dictates those key parts of the plan to be . Throughout the Covid-19 pandemic, war-related themes and terms have been used to describe efforts to defeat the virus, triage the infected, equip the frontline heroes, manufacture the medicines, count the casualties, and consider the collateral damage. COA Wargames require three phases to deliver: plan; prepare; and execute. In COA comparison and decision, the commander evaluates all friendly COAs against established

Lower rankings are more preferred. This statement is true. 5. We begin the necessary preparations by developing clear, complete orders. During COA development, planners use the problem statement, mission statement, commander's intent, planning first step, Planning Initiation. In table 9-7, the weights reflect the relative importance of each criterion as initially estimated by a COS (XO) during mission analysis and adjusted or approved by the commander. The COA development step generates options for subsequent analysis and comparison that satisfy the commander's intent and planning guidance. The commander may use a comparison and decision matrix to help compare one COA against another. *fifth step, Course of Action Approval. Be able to integrate IPB into the MDMP. To effectively manage Based on the commander's decision and final guidance. What options does the Commander have? (5) Orders Development. back to "time" and "stuff." The military decision-making process (MDMP) typically takes too much time, and the brigade combat team (BCT) has more enablers than it can effectively leverage. Staffs create friendly decision-support tools late in the planning process during course-of-action (CoA) analysis, according to doctrine.2 Given time constraints at this point, staffs often create these tools hastily, focusing on routine synchronization Decision points identify where the commander must decide to initiate an activity (call for fire, displace a subordinate maneuver unit) to ensure synchronized execution. Using A2IPB facilities the commander's decision upon a COA believed to be the most advantegeous to the . The MDMP facilitates interaction among the commander, staff, and subordinate headquarters throughout the operations process. Orders serve as the principal means by which the Commander expresses his . The MDMP comprise of seven stages and each . COA Comparison & Decision Mission Analysis Execution Outputs of Mission Analysis: Mission statement Commander's intent Commander's Planning Guidance * Commander's Critical Information Requirements Warning Order Updated Initial staff estimates * Governing Factors should have been developed. If this step is done incorrectly, all planning steps which follow could be flawed. A Decision Support System for CoA Selection Micheline Blanger, Adel Guitouni . 5. ISSUE: Many units were observed taking significant amounts of time . Orders Development "COA Comparison is an objective process to evaluate COAs independently of each other and against set criteria approved by the commander and staff." The goal is to identify the strengths and weaknesses of COAs and enable selection of a COA with the highest probability of success for further development. Command and Control (C2) decisions are effected through established doctrine, orders, and procedures that clearly delineate what is expected from whom. - ADP 5-0, The Operations Process 2 True False QUESTION 2 A decision point does not dictate what the decision is, only that the commander must make one, andwhen and where it should be made to maximally impact friendly or enemy COAs or theaccomplishment of stability tasks. Mission Analysis. Commander's Orientation 2. This matrix uses evaluation criteria developed during mission analysis and refined during COA development to help assess the effectiveness and efficiency of each COA. Military Decision Making Process Input Output Receipt of Mission Commander's initial guidance WARNO to staff . 9- 176). The decision step is based on the analysis and comparison of the proposed COAs. During COA comparison, rankings are assigned from 1 to however many COAs exist. the COA analysis and comparison to present a recom-mended COA to the commander. Provide an entirely new COA. Module 5: Orders Production PE # 9 - Produce OPORD . * An . coa comparison and decisin. Definition. Left side: CoA 1: two up, one back, one in reserve. A COA is a broad potential solution to an identified problem. The commander will use the data collected during the next planning step, COA comparison and decision. ccir's are associated with _____ for the commander during execution and are supported by _____. Which of the following statements are correct in regards to evaluation criteria? The commander performs risk analysis during: Success Tip #7: XOs must establish and immediately disseminate the . a. decisions the commander makes to focus planning and select the optimum COA. sequence of decision-support planning within the military decision-making process (MDMP). The main approaches used to analyze the COAs are war-gaming, advantages / disadvantages and comparison criteria. after the commander selected one or more rough-cut CoA(s) for further development. Module 4: COA Comparison / Approval PE # 7 - COA Decision Matrix PE # 8 - Decision Brief, Approved COA, Cdr's Final Guidance, WARNO #3 5. 1 Headquarters Department of the Army Washington, DC, 11 May 2015 Commander and Staff Organization and Operations 1. This process . 9-82. Once the commander selects a COA, the CCIR shift to information the commander needs to make decisions during execution. Define the problem set -As they exist within the environment -Preventing the environment from progressing toward the desired state STAFF ACTIONS Welcome to Military Decision Making Process (MDMP) Step 4 COA Analysis. Few health care leaders, however, have utilized military strategies, planning, or decision . QUESTION 1 During COA analysis, the staff should review all assumptions for validity and necessity.